SAMPLING GUIDE

Parameter Matrix Sample Volume Container Size Preservative Method Holding Time
Acid Number (TAN) Oil 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-974 None
Acidity Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 305.1 14 Days
Alkalinity Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 310.1         SM 2320B 14 Days
Ammonia Liquid 400ml 1 Liter HDPE H2SO4, Cool 4  C EPA 350.3 28 Days
Antifreeze Pkg. Liquid 10g 8oz CWM None Required ASTM D-287 None
Ash Liquid 25g 8oz CWM None Required ASTM D-482 None
Ash-Sulfated Liquid 25g 8oz CWM None Required ASTM D-874 None
Bacteria in fuel Liquid 10ml 2oz Plasic None Required Culture None
Base Number, Tacoma (TBN) Oil 2oz 2oz Plasic None Required ASTM D-4739 None
BTEX Liquid 40ml Vial 2-VOA Vials HCL NWTPH-Gx/8260 14 Days
Solid 4oz  4oz CWM None Required  
BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) Liquid 1 Liter 1Liter Amber Cool 4  C SM 5210B            EPA 405.1 48 Hours
Bromide Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE None Required SM 4500-Br-B 28 Days
Solid 70-100g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C SM 4500-Br-B Analyze ASAP
B S & W (Bottom Sediment & Water) Petroleum 50ml 2oz Plasic None Required ASTM D-2709 None
BTU-Estimated Petroleum 500ml 500ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-4868 None
Carbon, Conradson Liquid 25g 2oz Plasic None Required ASTM D-189 None
Cation Exchange Soil 100g 4oz CWM None Required SW 846 9081 Analyze ASAP
Cetane Index Liquid 500ml 500ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-4737 None
Chlorinated Herbicides Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C   7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Solid 50g 8oz CWM  
Chlorinated Pesticides Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C EPA 608/8081 7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Solid 30g 8oz CWM  
Chlorinated Phenols Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C EPA 8270 7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Solid 30g 8oz CWM  
Chlorinated Solvent Scan Liquid 40ml Vial 2-VOA Vials HCL EPA 8260 14 Days
Solid 4oz  4oz CWM None Required   14 Days
Chloride Liquid 50ml 250ml HDPE None Required EPA 325.3           SM 4500-CL-C 28 Days
Solid 100g 4oz CWM None Required  
Chlorine, Total Residual Liquid 200ml 1 Liter Amber None Required SM 4500-CL-G Analyze ASAP
Cloud Point Petroleum 50ml 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-2500 None
COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) Liquid 50ml 1 Liter Amber H2SO4, Cool 4  C EPA 410.4 28 Days
Color (platinum-cobalt) Liquid 50ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C SM 2120B 48 Hours
Conductivity Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C SM 2510B           EPA 120.1 28 Days
Conradson Carbon  Petroleum 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-189 None
Corrosion Copper Strip Petroleum 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-130 None
Corrosivity (pH only) Liquid 25ml 250ml HDPE None Required EPA 1110 Analyze ASAP
Solid 10g 4oz CWM  
Cresols Liquid (2) 1000 ml (2) 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C   7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Solid 30g 8oz CWM  
Cyanide (Total & Reactive) Liquid 500ml 500ml HDPE NaOH, Cool 4  C SM 4500CN-E  SW 846 CHPTR7 14 Days
Solid 4oz  4oz CWM Cool 4  C  
Diesel (water or soil matrix) Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber H2SO4, Cool 4  C NWTPH-D 7 days unpres.        14 days pres.
Solid 10g 4oz CWM Cool 4  C   14 Days
Diesel Fuel Package Fuel 500ml 500ml HDPE None Required Various None
Distillation Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-86 None
Drinking Water, Primary Inorganics Water 1250ml 1-250ml HNO3,      1-500ml NaOH,        1-500ml Non Pres. Cool 4  C Various 48 hrs
Drinking Water, Primary and Secondary Inorganics Water 1750ml 1-250ml HNO3,      1-500ml NaOH,        2-500ml Non Pres. Cool 4  C Various 48 hrs
Drinking water, Bacteria Water 100ml Bacteria Bottle Na2S2O3 Cool 4  C Various 30 hrs
Engine Oil, Basic Package Oil 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required Various None
Engine Oil, Advanced Package Oil 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required Various None
Ethylene/Propylene Glycol Liquid 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required GC-FID None
Flash Point, C.O.C. Oil 250ml 250ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-92 None
Flash Point, PMCC Oil 250ml 250ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-93 None
Flash Point, TCC Oil 250ml 250ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-56 None
Fluoride Liquid 300ml 500ml HDPE None Required EPA 340.2          SM 4500-F C 28 Days
Formaldehyde Liquid 100ml 1 Liter Amber None Required   7 Days
Solid 25g 8oz CWM None Required NCASI CI/WP-98.01
Free Liquids (Paint Filter Test) Liquid 100ml 1 Liter Amber None Required SW 846 9095 None
Solid 100g 8oz CWM SW 846 9095
Freeze Point Liquid 500ml 500ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-2386 None
Gasoline  Liquid 80ml 2-VOA Vials HCL NWTPH-G 14 Days
Solid 100g 4oz CWM None Required NWTPH-G
Gas to Oil Ratio (2-cycle) Petroleum 50ml 2oz Plastic None Required UV-VIS None
Glycol in Oil Liquid 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-2982 None
Gravity Liquid 200ml 250ml HDPE None Required ASTM D-287 None
Hardness  Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE HNO3 EPA 200.7 6 Months
HEM  Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber H2SO4, Cool 4  C EPA 1664 28 Days
HEM-SGT  Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber H2SO4, Cool 4  C EPA 1664 28 Days
Hexavalent Chromium Liquid 200ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C SM 3500-CR-D  SW 846 7196A 24 Hrs
Solid 100g 4oz CWM Cool 4  C SM 3500-CR-D  SW 846 7196A
Ignitability (PMCC) Liquid 4oz  4oz CWM None Required EPA 1010 None
Infrared Scan Inquire Inquire Inquire Inquire FTIR Inquire
Infrared (Microscopic) Inquire Inquire Inquire Inquire FTIR-Micro Inquire
Mercury by Cold Vapor Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE HNO3 EPA 245.1 28 Days
Metals (ICP, GFAA) Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE HNO3 EPA 6010 6 Months
Solid 20g 4oz CWM None Required  
Metals (DCP) Petroleum 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required AES 0029 6 Months
Neutralization Number Petroleum 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-974 None
Nitrate (NO3) Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 353.3          SM 4500NO3E 48hrs
Solid 70-100g 8oz CWM EPA 353.3          SM 4500NO3E
Nitrite (NO2) Liquid 50ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 354.1          SM 4500NO2B 48hrs
Solid 70-100g 8oz CWM EPA 354.1          SM 4500NO2B
NWTPH-Dx Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber H2SO4, Cool 4 C   7 days unpres.        14 days pres.
Solid 100g 4oz CWM Cool 4  C   14 Days
NWTPH-Gx Liquid 80ml (2) 40ml Vials HCL, Cool 4  C   14 Days
Solid 100g 4oz CWM Cool 4  C  
NWTPH-HCID  Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber HCL   7 days unpres.        14 days pres.
Solid 100g 4oz CWM Cool 4  C   14 Days
Oxygen, Dissolved Liquid 300ml 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C EPA 360.1 Analyze ASAP
Organochlorine Pesticides/PCB's Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C   7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Solid 30g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C  
Orthophosphate Liquid 50ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C SM 4500-P C 48 Hours
PAH Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C EPA 625/8270 7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Paint Filter Test Liquid 100ml 1 Liter Amber None Required SW 846 9095 None
Solid 100g 8oz CWM None Required  
Particle Count LASER, size & dist. Liquid 200ml 250ml HDPE None Required LASER None
PCB's Oil 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required SW 846 8082     EPA 608 7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Water 1000ml 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C SW 846 8082     EPA 608
Soil 100g 4oz CWM Cool 4  C SW 846 8082     EPA 608
Pentachlorophenol Liquid 1000ml 2 Liter Amber Cool 4  C SW 846 8270C    EPA 604 7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Soil 5g 4oz CWM SW 846 8270C   EPA 604
Peroxide number Petroleum 100ml 4oz CWM None Required ASTM E-299-90 None
pH Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE None Required SW 846 9045    EPA 150.1 Analyze ASAP
Solid 4oz  4oz CWM SW 846 9045     EPA 150.1  
Phenol (total) Liquid 1000ml 1 Liter Amber H2SO4, Cool 4  C EPA 420.1 28 Days
Phenols Liquid 1 Liter 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C SW 846 8270C 7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Solid 30g 8oz CWM SW 846 8270C
Phosphorus, Total Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE H2SO4, Cool 4  C SW 846-6010B 28 Days
Pour Point Liquid 50ml 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-97 None
RVP, Reid Vapor Pressure Petroleum 1000ml (2) 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C ASTM D-323 Analyze ASAP
Sediment by Extraction Petroleum 200ml 4oz CWM None Required ASTM D-473 None
Semi-Volatiles Liquid (2) 1000 ml (2) 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C EPA 625/8270 7 Days Ext/40 Days Extracted
Solid 30g 8oz CWM  
Solids,Total  Liquid 100ml 500ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 160.3 7 Days
Solids,Total Dissolved Liquid 100ml 500ml HDPE Cool 4  C SM 2540C           EPA 160.1 7 Days
Solids,Total Settleable Liquid 500ml 500ml HDPE Cool 4  C SM2540 48hrs
Solids,Total Suspended Liquid 100ml 500ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 160.2 7 Days
Solids,Total Volatile Liquid 100ml 500ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 160.4 7 Days
Sulfate Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 375.4 28 Days
Sulfide Liquid 250ml 500ml HDPE Cool 4 C SM 4500-S2-E 7 Days
Solid 25-100g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C SM 4500-S2-E
Sulfide (reactive) Liquid 250ml 1 Liter Amber Cool 4  C SW 846 CHPTR7 Analyze ASAP
Solid 10g 4oz AWM SW 846 CHPTR7
Sulfite Liquid 50ml 250ml HDPE None Required SM 4500-SO3-B Analyze ASAP
Sulfur Petroleum 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-3120 None
Surfactants (MBAS) Liquid 250ml 500ml HDPE Cool 4  C SM 5540C 48hrs
TCLP Metals (RCRA 8)  Solid 200g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C EPA 6010/7470 14 Days
TCLP Volatile Organics Solid 200g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C EPA 8260 GC/MS 14 Days
TCLP Semi-Volatile Organics Solid 200g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C EPA 8270 GC/MS 14 Days
TCLP Pesticides Solid 200g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C EPA 8270 GC/ECD-GC/MS 14 Days
TCLP Herb. (with Semi-Volatiles) Solid 200g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C EPA 8270 GC/MS 14 Days
TCLP, Complete Parameters Solid 200g 8oz CWM Cool 4  C Various 14 Days
Total Organic Carbon Liquid 25ml 4oz CWM H2SO4 ,  Cool 4  C SM5310B                   SW846 9060         EPA 415.1 28 Days
Solid 10g 4oz CWM Cool 4  C SM5310B                   SW846 9060         EPA 415.1
Total Organic Halogens/Total Halogens Liquid 250ml 250ml HDPE H2SO4, Cool 4 C SW 846 9076             SW 846 9020 (mod) 28 Days
Solid 10g 4oz CWM None Required SW 846 9076             SW 846 9020 (mod)
Turbidity Liquid 100ml 250ml HDPE Cool 4  C EPA 180.1 48hrs
Viscosity Kinematic Petroleum 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-445 None
Volatile Organic Compounds Liquid 80ml 2-VOA Vials HCL, Cool 4  C EPA 624/8260 14 Days
Solid 100g 4oz CWM None Required  
Waste/Used Oil Package Petroleum 250ml 8oz CWM None Required Various None
Water by Distillation Petroleum 100ml 250ml Plastic None Required ASTM D-95 None
Water by Karl fischer Petroleum 2oz 2oz Plastic None Required ASTM D-1744 None

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